2018-10-19

Germany: Solar Power Factsheet 2016

solar power Germany facts, photovoltaic energy

Facts, figures and findings about solar energy in Germany

About 1.58 million photovoltaic systems with a total capacity of 41 gigawatt [GW] are installed in Germany, ranging from small rooftop systems to large solar parks.

In 2016 photovoltaics produced approximately 5.9% of Germany’s net electricity generation.

Almost half of the capacity is installed in the southern states Bavaria [11.6 GW] and Baden-Württemberg [5.4 GW] followed by North Rhine-Westphalia [4.5 GW].

Solar Energy in Germany: New installations, investments and power generation

Solar energy in Germany: New installations and power generation

yearinstallationsgeneration
20161525 MW38.3 TWH
20151498 MW38.5 TWH
20141899 MW32.6 TWH
20133304 MW31.0 TWH
20127604 MW26.4 TWH
20117485 MW19.6 TWH
20107378 MW11.7 TWH
20094446 MW6.6 TWH
20081950 MW4.4 TWH
20071271 MW3.1 TWH

Solar energy investments in Germany

year
investments
20161.58 bn €
20151.62 bn €
20142.37 bn €
20134.25 bn €
201211.2 bn €
201115.0 bn €
201019.5 bn €

In Germany growth of photovoltaics has been an exponential curve between 2004–2012. During the peak years 2010-2012 the capacity grew by over 7,000 megawatts [MW] annually.
As a result of politically motivated adjustments to the Renewable Energy Sources Act [EEG], there was a market collapse that resulted in a loss of more than 80% growth. With a new installed capacity of 1,520 MW the result of 2016 did not even meet the growth target set by the government [2,400 to 2,600 megawatts per year].

1.58 billion Euro have been invested in new photovoltaic installations in Germany in 2016. This is a decline of almost 400 million compared to 2015 and a drop by 92% since the record year of 2010.

As the German Renewable Energy Sources Act [EEG] guaranteed a fixed feed-in payment it provided sustainable planning security for investors in PV systems. The feed-in tariff was set for a 20- year term at regular intervals and is covered through a surcharge on consumer electricity bills. The government has provided – and afterwards cut – the incentives for solar energy systems.

The amount of new installations declined significantly due to the restrictive governmental policies. This and the competition with cheaper Chinese products have led to numerous business shutdowns over the past 5 years. By the end of 2015 almost 80000 jobs were lost.

Take a closer look at the factsheet

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