Germany’s Power Generation Mix 2017

Germany hits record high of renewable energy generation.

According to numbers provided by Fraunhofer ISE renewable energy based electricity generation in Germany sets a new record in 2017 and represents now 38.5% of the country’s gross power generation. That made Renewables the most important energy source in Germany for four years in a row.

Total renewable electricity capacity was 210 TWh [bn kWh], a 16% increase on a year earlier. Above average wind and sunshine led to an increase in power generation from wind farms and PV installations with 88% of the annual increase coming from wind power alone. The record month with an all-time high of 14.9 billion kilowatt hours was December 2017, followed by October with 12.6 billion kWh. During the record months, wind power plants supplied 28% more electricity than German lignite-fired power plants.

electricity generation germany, power mix 2017

Wind is now Germany’s leading clean energy source at 18.8%, followed by biomass at 8.7% and solar PV at 7%.

Biomass power generation slightly increased its revenue compared to the previous year [47 bn kWh] by about 48 billion kWh.

Photovoltaics performed particularly well, with generation increasing by 2% per cent compared to the same period last year. German solar power plants delivered over 38 billion kilowatt hours. Electricity generation from hydropower rose by 2 billion kilowatt hours [+ 9.6%].

In April Renewables set a new record for energy use. 85% of all the electricity consumed in Germany was being generated from renewable energy sources on April 30. 

Significant decreases were seen in nuclear energy. German nuclear power plants only made a contribution of 72 billion kilowatt hours in 2017. This reduces the share of the electricity mix to 13% [- 10% by 2016].

Hard coal suffered a 16% loss in 2017, generating only 83 billion kWh [99 billion kWh in 2016]. According to numbers delivered by the Federal Network Agency, 6 coal-fired power plants were shut down last year.

Electricity generation from gas-fired power plants has lost 1.3% of the generation mix. There was also a slight decline in brown coal [- 0.5%]. However, at 134 billion kilowatt hours lignite-fired power plants still contribute 24.5% to the German power mix.

Net Power Generation Germany [2017 Mix]

Energy Sourcebn kWh%
Hard coal8315,2
Natural gas468,4
Wind power10418,8
Solar power387,0
power generation [net]548100

Gross Power Generation Germany [2017 Mix]

Energy Sourcebn kWh%
Lignite148,022,6 %
Nuclear75,911,6 %
Hard coal94,214,4 %
Natural gas86,013,1 %
Others33,45,2 %
Wind onshore87,213,3 %
Wind offshore18,32,8 %
Biomass45,57,0 %
Solar power39,86,1 %
Hydropower19,73,0 %
Domestic waste6,00,9 %
power generation [gross]654,2100 %
renewable share216,633,1 %
Source AGEB e.V.  


Electricity Generation Mix

Do you have any questions about the German power generation mix?

We’d love to hear what you think about the article or maybe you have a question about something you read. Either way, let us know by leaving a quick comment below.

Tom Bond
Energy Girl Thank you Tom Bond
Energy Girl
@TomBond The figures for net power generation were available earlier this year. We added the gross power figures today.
Tom Bond
Dear Sir/madam The German Power Mix for 2017 has decreased from 648TWh in 2016 to 548 TWh. Why has this occurred? Is this a change from gross power generation to net power generation. If so this is not consistent. Do you have the gross power figures for each energy source for 2017. Thanking you in anticipation. Kind Regards Tom Bond